nlcpy.fft.ifftn
- nlcpy.fft.ifftn(a, s=None, axes=None, norm=None)[ソース]
Computes the n-dimensional inverse discrete fourier transform.
This function computes the inverse of the n-dimensional discrete fourier transform over any number of axes in an m-dimensional array by means of the fast fourier transform (FFT). In other words,
ifftn(fftn(a)) == a
to within numerical accuracy.The input, analogously to
ifft()
, should be ordered in the same way as is returned byfftn()
, i.e. it should have the term for zero frequency in all axes in the low-order corner, the positive frequency terms in the first half of all axes, the term for the Nyquist frequency in the middle of all axes and the negative frequency terms in the second half of all axes, in order of decreasingly negative frequency.- Parameters
- aarray_like
Input array, can be complex.
- ssequence of ints, optional
Shape (length of each transformed axis) of the output (
s[0]
refers to axis 0,s[1]
to axis 1, etc.). This corresponds ton
forifft(x, n)
. Along any axis, if the given shape is smaller than that of the input, the input is cropped. If it is larger, the input is padded with zeros. if s is not given, the shape of the input along the axes specified by axes is used. See notes for issue on ifft zero padding. If s and axes have different length, ValueError occurs.- axessequence of ints, optional
Axes over which to compute the IFFT. If not given, the last
len(s)
axes are used, or all axes if s is also not specified. Repeated indices in axes means that the inverse transform over that axis is performed multiple times. If an element of axes is larger than than the number of axes of a, IndexError occurs.- norm{None, "ortho"},optional
Normalization mode. By default(None), the transforms are scaled by . It norm is set to "ortho", the return values will be scaled by .
- Returns
- outcomplex ndarray
The truncated or zero-padded input, transformed along the axes indicated by axes, or by a combination of s and a, as explained in the parameters section above.
参考
注釈
Zero-padding, analogously with
ifft()
, is performed by appending zeros to the input along the specified dimension. Although this is the common approach, it might lead to surprising results. If another form of zero padding is desired, it must be performed before ifftn is called.Examples
>>> import nlcpy as vp >>> a = vp.eye(4) >>> vp.fft.ifftn(vp.fft.fftn(a, axes=(0,)), axes=(1,)) array([[1.+0.j, 0.+0.j, 0.+0.j, 0.+0.j], # may vary [0.+0.j, 1.+0.j, 0.+0.j, 0.+0.j], [0.+0.j, 0.+0.j, 1.+0.j, 0.+0.j], [0.+0.j, 0.+0.j, 0.+0.j, 1.+0.j]])
Create and plot an image with band-limited frequency content:
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt >>> n = vp.zeros((200,200), dtype=complex) >>> n[60:80, 20:40] = vp.exp(1j*vp.random.uniform(0, 2*vp.pi, (20, 20))) >>> im = vp.fft.ifftn(n).real >>> _ = plt.imshow(im) >>> plt.show()